Voice acting is a very specific
Voice-acting is the art of providing voices for animated characters (including those in feature films, television program, animated short films, and video games) and radio and audio dramas and comedy, doing
in radio and television commercials, audio dramas, dubbed foreign language films, video games, puppet shows, and amusement rides.
There are different types of
Voice-acting as a character device
In the 1956 film version of Herman Melville's Moby-Dick, Richard Basehart, as Ishmael, narrates the story and sometimes comments on the action in voice-over, as does William Holden in the films Sunset Boulevard and The Counterfeit Traitor, as well as John Mills in David Lean's Great Expectations (based on Charles Dickens's novel) and Michael York in a television remake of the book.
Voice-acting as a creative device
In film, the film-maker places the sound of a human voice (or voices) over images shown on the screen that may or may not be related to the images being shown. Consequently, voice-overs are sometimes used to create ironic counterpoint. Also, sometimes they can be random voices not directly connected to the people seen on the screen. In works of fiction, the voice-over is often by a character reflecting back on his or her past, or by a person external to the story who usually has a more complete knowledge of the events in the film than the other characters.
Voice-acting as a translation device
In some countries, such as Russia and Poland, a voice-over provided by a single artist is commonly used on television as a language localization technique, as an alternative to full dubbing.
Use a voice as a commercial device
The commercial use of voice-over in advertising has been popular since the beginning of radio broadcasting.
Voices as an educational or descriptive device
The voice-over has many applications in non-fiction as well. Television news is often presented as a series of video clips of newsworthy events, with voice-over by the reporters describing the significance of the scenes being presented; these are interspersed with straight video of the news anchors describing stories for which video is not shown.
Performers are called
voice over or voice actor,
voice actresses, or voice artists, and may also involve singing, although a second voice actor is sometimes cast as the character's singing voice. Voice artists are also used to record the individual sample fragments played back by a computer in an automated announcement system. At its simplest, this is just a short phrase which is played back as necessary, e.g. the Mind the gap announcement introduced by London Underground in 1969. In a more complicated system such as a speaking clock, the voice artist usually doesn't actually record 1440 different announcements, one for each minute of the day, or even 60 (one for each minute of the hour), instead the announcement is re-assembled from fragments such as "minutes past" "eighteen" and "pm". For example, the word "twelve" can be used for both "Twelve O'Clock" and "Six Twelve". So far voice artists have been preferred to speech synthesis because they sound more natural to the listener.A list of voice-acting by one voice actor, one director, or on one subject, is sometimes called a voxography.
Like any form of acting a voice actor needs to keep his voice in good shape. He has to do his
on a daily basis, to keep his voice in good shape. Voice-acting requires the same intense training as if you were acting on screen or stage.